عنوان مقاله [English]
Spatial justice is one of the topics that has become especially important in recent years among planners and geographers. Since urban public services are the constructs of the physical, social, and spatial nature of the city, its unfairness in its distribution has an irreversible impact on the structure, nature of the city, and the class separation of city neighborhoods and challenges urban management. Jedi has faced. By examining the inequalities in the distribution of services and identifying the spatial pattern of injustice at the city level, one can find out which services are in a more inappropriate situation, and which inequalities are more concentrated in the urban areas through this urban management. By consciously acting on the spatial distribution of public services and social benefits, reduce spatial inequality and improve driving quality. The growing population of Qarchak city is growing and the need for public utilities is increasing. Therefore, the present study, using descriptive-analytical method, using library documents and inference of field findings in the form of questionnaire compilation and distribution, has investigated the status of citizens' services and their distribution in rural areas at the study area. The findings were analyzed using Moran test and Gini method as well as T-test.