عنوان مقاله [English]
The prosperity of tourism in any geographic location, along with positive and negative socioeconomic consequences, has environmental impacts which if continued could cause irreparable damages. Sustainable environmental or ecological tourism is the expansion of the tourism industry and the attraction of tourists to the country using the existing resources in such a way that, while responding to the economic, cultural, social and legal requirements of society and the expectations of tourists, unity and integrity may be achieved. Cultural identity and environmental health can balance and provide the welfare for people and their guests in a balanced and continuous manner to an optimum level. The main design of the study is based on the analytical approach in a library-based and survey which analyzes the information related to the theoretical foundations of tourism industry; then, the foundations of sustainable tourism and its relationship with the factors shaping ecological tourism have been considered with the aim of promoting tourism collections in the understudy area based on the existing theories. Finally, the process of forming the ecological tourism complexes has been distinguished. The results of the research showed that the formation of ecological tourism complexes around natural-historical attractions in our country can be an effective step in sustainable tourism development; also, if "physical tourism planning" in Iran is done in a systematic way, it can create job opportunities and increase the value of currency.